How To Change A Tire


It happens to all of us. You’re cruising down the road, going about you day, until THUD! You feel that familiar bump, bump, bump and pull over to find your tire has gone flat.


Your next instinct here might be to panic, but if you equip yourself with the skills to change your own tire, you’ll be back on the road in no time.



Step 1: Safety

Make sure you’ve given yourself enough room to move safely around your vehicle, away from traffic on the roadway. Be sure to apply your parking break, turn on your hazards, put out a reflective warning signal if you have one and apply wheel wedges to make sure the vehicle is stopped securely while you work.



Step 2: Locate Your Spare Tire and Jack.

Your vehicle should come with four items you’ll need to change a tire. Those include an owner’s manual, spare tire, wrench and jack. Your spare tire can be found in your trunk with your jack and tire wrench underneath.  



*It should be noted that some vehicle manufacturers have eliminated spares to reduce the weight of the vehicle and improve fuel economy. In these vehicles you may find a “tire-inflator kit,” which includes a small air compressor and a can of sealant.



Step 3: Remove Hub Cab & Loosen the Lug Nuts

The jack will with come with a handle that often has the lug wrench built in. To loosen the lug nuts, press down counterclockwise with enough force to “crack” them loose. You may need to reposition your body as you do this to maintain the proper amount of leverage needed.


Step 4: Jack the Car

Position the jack under the frame of the vehicle. Your owner’s manual will offer guidance about the best place to put the jack on your vehicle. Insert the end of the jack handle into the jack to raise the vehicle. Turn it clockwise to go up and counterclockwise to go down. Jacking takes time, so be patient.



Step 5: Remove Lug Nuts & Tire

Turn counterclockwise to completely remove lug nuts. Place them in a safe place nearby so you don’t lose them. Once they’re off, you can remove your tire.


Step 6.: Install Spare

Now you can put on your spare tire on. Center it on the wheel studs where the lug nuts go. Install the lug nuts, turning by hand first. Again, turning clockwise tightens them. Give them a turn with the lug wrench until they’re firm but not too tight, while your vehicle is still up on a jack.


Step &: Lower and Remove Jack

Turn counterclockwise to lower the jack  with its handle. You can remove it by hand once the vehicle is lowered and it no longer has contact with the car.


Finally: Tighten Lug Nuts Again

Use your lug nut wrench to tighten the lug nuts again. Tighten the lug nuts in a star pattern beginning at the bottom and moving to the top, side to side and back to the bottom, repeating until they’re tight.


Now you’ve changed a tire! It’s best not to drive too far on your spare and you’ll certainly want to avoid driving at highway speeds, so get your vehicle into an autobody shop for a new tire as soon as possible.


It’s good practice to keep the supplies you’ll need in case of emergencies like these in your vehicle. Wheel Wedges and a reflective sign are a good start. We’d also suggest  keeping a small plank to secure the jack, a flashlight with working batteries, gloves, and a rain poncho in your vehicle just in case.



For more information about tires and service click here.


Happy Driving!

Categories: Service


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